Process Control Instrumentation (EC-504)

notes For RGPV Bhopal AICTE Students

Process Control Instrumentation (EC-504) B.Tech RGPV notes AICTE flexible curricula Bachelor of technology


Introduction: Historical Perspective, incentives of process control, synthesis of control system. Classification and definition of process variables. Mathematical modeling: Need and application of mathematical modeling, Lumped and distributed parameters, Analogies, thermal, Electrical, and chemical systems, Modeling of CSTR, Modeling of heat exchanger, Interactive and non-interactive type of system, Dead time elements, Developing continuous time and discrete time models from process data.

Control Modes: Definition, Characteristics and comparison of on-off, proportional, Integral, Differential, PI, PD, PID, Dynamic behavior of feedback controlled processes for different control modes, Control system quality, IAE, ISE, IATE criterion, Tuning of controllers Ziegler-Nichols, Cohen-Coon Methods, controller trouble shooting.

Realization of Control Modes: Realization of different control modes like P, I, D in Electric, Pneumatic, Hydraulic controllers. Use of DDC and PLC, Process monitoring, man machine interface, real time systems: RTS introduction and its characteristics.

Actuators: Hydraulic, Pneumatic actuators, Solenoid, E-P converters, control valves, Types, Functions, Quick opening, Linear and equal percentage valve, Ball valves, Butterfly valves, Globe valves, Pinch valves, valve application and selection, Cavitations and flashing, Dampers and variable speed Drives.

Advanced Controls: Introduction to advanced control system like Cascade, Feed forward, Ratio, Selective, Override, Split range and Auctioneering control, Plant wide control. PI Diagrams: Symbols, Terminology, Case studies, a brief study of instrumentation and control relevant to industries.


Books Recommended

 Dale Patrick, Stephen Fardo, “Industrial Process Control System”.
 Shinskey F.G., “Process Control System”, III Ed., McGraw Hill.
 Smith C.A. & A.B. Corripio, “Principle & Practiced Automatic Process Control”, J. Willey.
 Rao M & S.Qiv, “Process Control Engg.”, Gorden & Breach.
 S Levi and AK Agrawala. Real-time system design. McGraw-Hill International.
 GeorgeStephanopoulos “ Chemical Process Control” PHI, Delhi
 C.D. Johnson “Process control instrumentation technology’ PHI
 Harriott- Process Control 1st ed., TMH
 Patranabis- Principles of Process Control 2nd ed., TMH

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